Unique Marathi Literature From My Memory

Marathi literature is a treasure. With a history of over thousand years, here are some of the precious jewels I had an opportunity to behold.

*: Translation in English available

  1. Children’s Literature

skjxsManache Shlok* (A dialogue with the mind): Simple, effective and powerful shlokas (verses) to introduce kids to have dialogue with mind. Composed in 17th century A.D. by Samarth Ramdas, the 205 verses train the mind to deal with different emotions like fear, anger, sorrow, happiness and can help improve emotional quotient. Traditionally kids in Maharashtra have been reciting Manache Shlok every evening, at twilight, sitting in front of a glowinglamp.

Sampurna Panchatantra* (Animal Fables): This book consists of original Sanskrit text (composed around 300 B.C.) by Vishnu Sharma and its translation in Marathi by V.B. Tamhankar. Through animal fables, the book educates children in niti (wise conduct of life). Panchtantra are believed to be perfect bed time stories for kids to understand, reflect and contemplate on righteous behavious.

Balgeet (songs for children) :Toddlers are introduced to literature through balgeet. These songs explore nature, relations, animals, birds, places, things and emotions as relevant to children in fun and lyrical way. Balgeet stimulate children’s imagination, curiosity and observation. With technology balgeet are available on YouTube, App store and Google Play.

Novels –’Faster Fene’* a series of novels written by B.R.Bhagwat in 60s narratedetective and adventures of a kid named Banesh Fene with nick name Faster Fene. Plot of each novel takes Faster Fene to different parts of India with different mysteries to solve. Like solving mystery of ghost in Gujarat, terrorists in Kashmir and smugglers in Mumbai. The stories are full of adventure, humour, omprobable escapes and anxiety.

Shyamchi Aai* by Sane Guruji, Bokya Satbandeby Dilip Prabhavalkar,

ComicsChintoo by Charuhas Pandit and Prabhakar Wadekar.

MagazinesChampak, Thakthak, Chandoba

2. Performing Arts:kathakcostumemogul

Hindustani Sangeet Paddhati (Treastise on Hindustani classical music): A detailed study and discussion of the fundamentals of music, notation and technical explanation of 150 ragas of Hindustani music were documented by Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande in the early 20th century.

Kirtanrangini and Kiratan Prayog Prakriya: Kirtan or Keertan is an art of spiritual teaching or create awareness amongst masses through a peculiar storytelling method supported by music and poetry. Kirtanrangini by Panduranga Moghe includes various Kirtan compositions and Kirtanachi Prayog Prakriya deals with the fundamentals of Kirtan.

3. Culinary Art

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Baravya Shatakatil Khadya Sanskriti: Food and diet in India during the 12th century A.D., its connection with health, and scientific method of preparations of various cuisines has been described in this book by Dr Varsha Joshi and Dr Hema Khirsagar.

Swayampakghartil Vidyan (Science in the Kitchen): Book by Dr Varsh Joshi describes the scientific approach in cooking.

Ruchira*: A definitive guide to Maharashtrain cooking. Author Kamlabai Ogale shares traditional recipes, she inherited from her grandmother, mother and mother-in-law.

4. Mathematics

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Lilavati Punardarshan : Lilavati is a treatise in mathematics composed by Bhaskaracharya II in the 12th century A.D. Prof. N.H. Phadke constructed proof and derivations of several mathematical methods, formulae and translated the Sanskrit Lilavati in Marathi. English translation of this book is available by name Lilavati of Bhaskaracharya

Ganak Yantra Manav: Dattatray KaprekarA book by Prof. Dileep Gotkhindikar on Mathematician Kaprekar and his numbers was recently published. Kaprekar was a mathematics teacher and had discovered results in number theory and described various properties of numbers. The book describes discoveries by Kaprekar.

 

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